Making a Btrfs Swapfile
When setting up swap on Btrfs, there are a few extra things to take into consideration.
- Must be using at least Linux Kernel 5.0
- Must use a file
- Must disable copy-on-write (COW)
- Must disable compression
Create the swapfile
Create the Btrfs subvolume to hold the file. Feel free to choose whatever path you want. The reason for creating a subvolume is to avoid problems with snapshotting other volumes.
# btrfs sub create /var/swap
Create and format the file. The file must be fully allocated and not contain any holes. For the size of the file, I follow Red Hat’s recommendation of 20% of your system ram. I have 8GB of ram, which I rounded up to 2GB of swap.
# truncate -s 0 /var/swap/swapfile # chattr +C /var/swap/swapfile # btrfs property set /var/swap/swapfile compression none # dd if=/dev/zero of=/var/swap/swapfile bs=1M count=2048 # chmod 600 /var/swap/swapfile # mkswap /var/swap/swapfile
If you have problems here, use
dmesg to check for errors.
# swapon /var/swap/swapfile
Make it permanent
Add the following to
/var/swap/swapfile none swap defaults 0 0